Five Facts Every American Should Know About the Hollowing Out of the Middle Class

By Joan C. Williams | February 6, 2018 |

America used to grow together, but now we are growing apart. Click here to read the five facts that every American should know about the hollowing out of the middle class.

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How Women Are Harassed Out of Science

By Joan C. Williams | July 25, 2016 |

The discrimination young researchers endure makes America’s need for STEM workers even greater. When Joan was an undergraduate, in the 1970s, she asked her boyfriend why one of his roommates was finishing up a Ph.D. while another, in the same department, still had several years left. “Barbara’s rigid,” her boyfriend said. His other roommate, Karen,…

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Pumping Milk at 40,000 Feet: Four Women Pilots Are Navigating a Course toward Fairness

By Joan C. Williams | May 11, 2016 |

Hearing a woman’s voice come over the intercom before takeoff, “this is your captain speaking,” can be a moving experience, even today: She made it! She beat the odds! A stirring sense of admiration as you check that your seatbelt is indeed securely fastened for takeoff. But women who work in roles traditionally held by…

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Netflix and the Flexibility Stigma

By Joan C. Williams | August 24, 2015 |

When the first reporter called me up with the news that Netflix had announced a year’s parental leave, I was thrilled. Researchers generally conclude that that’s close to the ideal amount of maternity leave (40 weeks). The twelve weeks provided by the Family and Medical Leave Act is clearly too short. A 2005 study found…

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